The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) developed long-term emissions scenarios in 1990 and 1992. These scenarios have been widely used in the analysis of possible climate change, its impacts, and options to mitigate climate change.
In 1995, significant changes in the understanding of driving forces of emissions and methodologies have been made relating to the carbon intensity of energy supply, the income gap between developed and developing countries, and sulfur emissions.
Since then, a new set of scenarios has been developed.
Investments in renewable energy are more attractive due to the contribution of two key federal tax incentives. The investment tax credit (ITC) and the Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System (MACRS) depreciation deduction may apply to energy storage systems such as batteries depending on who owns the battery and how the battery is used. If owned directly by a public entity, such as a public university or federal agency, battery storage systems are not eligible for tax-based incentives. If owned by a private party (i.e., a tax-paying business), battery systems may be eligible for some or all of the federal tax incentives.
Climate is a complex and chaotic system, there is variability on many scales, but we can discern climate change because of measurable trends on many different variables such as temperature, water cycle, sea level rise.
Changes will continue, we can make projections, which help us determine impacts, which help us set mitigation and adaptation policies.
“Alternative” to what?
Over the last decade, solar has gone through de-risking as operating performance was proven, this has resulted in decline in financing costs from large banks.
Currently, wind is a $14.1 billion market, solar is about $30 billion.
Lessons learned over the past decades:
– Important to access mainstream capital to scale
– Investing in a clean energy projects with fixed PPA off-take from a utility company is almost like a bond – very safe now, low interest rate on project debt
– Challenge will be financing with floating price of merchant power
Mahmoud Darwish is the greatest poets of the modern era and the national poet of Palestine. Born in 1941 in the village of al-Birwa in Western Galilee and fled to Lebanon in 1948 when Israeli forces attacked his village. His works reflect the endless conflict between Palestine and the Apartheid and touch profoundly the loss of his homeland, exile, dispossession and the fallen humanity.
‘Exile is more than a geographical concept. You can be in exile in your homeland, in your own house, in a room’ – Darwish
‘What’s the worth of a man
Without a homeland,
Without a flag,
Without an address?
What is the worth of such a man?’
This is a preview of ‘I don’t decide to represent anything except myself. But that self is full of collective memory’ – Darwish. Read the full post...
THE ROLE OF ELECTRICITY STORAGE IN THE ENERGY TRANSITION
Electricity storage is thus set to become one of the key facilitating technologies of the energy transition. In the Remap (Renewable Energy map_IRENA) analysis, electricity storage power capacity reaches more than 1 000 GW by 2030, when total installed solar and wind capacity will be 5 000 GW. This storage power capacity is split into 600 GW from EVs, 325 GW from pumped hydro and 175 GW from stationary battery storage. Total storage capacity grows to nearly 3 000 GW by 2050, with EVs in operation accounting for a majority of this total.
1- How to spot a toxic person
– Conversational narcissist: those people who love and love to talk about themselves, take up all the space in the room and expand to overpower everything, these people have no interest, consideration, empathy or curiosity for you, your emotions, ideas, concerns.
– The control freak: those people who like to control and direct everything and everyone around them, they won’t stop trying to convince you to agree with them.
– Drama queen: those victims who bleed you dry and they are only interested in your sympathy but never your advices.
– Emotional magnets: these sad, negative, pessimist people that tend to bring everyone down.
– The judgmental Shrek: these green monsters who are jealous and full of hatred and disdain towards everyone.
– Liars: simply stay away from them, trust is cannot be compromised.
– I’m always right: your ideas matter! And you are not a challenge they always try to win over.
There is a science behind having a good conversation, we tend to have a lot of conversations or be in a situation forced to have one in social settings, business meetings, networking events or even when you meet your in-laws for the first time.
First important thing that most people tend to forget is setting the intention for the conversation, setting the intention will save you from those awkward pauses and silent moments. Always set your intentions and what you want to get out of that conversation.
Second most important thing is your body language, you should go in with an open body language, visible hands, shoulders back and a smile.
Your pick line is very important, by far the simple hello with a smile is more than enough to warm someone up and engage them in a conversation.
Dazzling conversations require what we call conversation sparks, meaning that you have to engage your curiosity, non verbal queues into the conversation to exhibit interest, one thing that is universally used to express these sparks: the eye-brow raise, this technique is by far the easiest and most natural.
Ending the conversation is as hard as starting one, the future mention is a great tool to end a conversation politely, an example of this is:
– What are you doing this weekend?
– Oh, I’m going to a concert.
– Well it was great meeting you and I wish you lots of fun at the concert.
This way you shift the focus from present to future and it will be easier for you to walk away from the conversation leaving the greatest impression.
Remember also to keep your body language open to make it easier for people to approach you and engage with you, and don’t use your cellphone, no one will approach you if you are on your phone.
Keep your conversations positive, fun, exciting and simple.
Every year is an exciting year for energy markets, new trends emerge and old ones simply don’t make the cut.
The price of solar and wind is plummeting considerably with zero fuel cost. Solar prices have dropped by around 62% since 2009, while offshore wind costs have also halved in recent years, reaching £57 per megawatt hour in 2017.
Governments are seeing record-low prices for solar and wind at power auctions, and subsidy-free solar and wind farms are now being developed (Hawaii for example).